What Happens When A Company Issues New Shares? FPO Insight



What Happens When A Company Issues New Shares? Well, The price of a company’s stock declines as it issues new shares to sell to the general public. After the first IPO investors buy shares and whenever new shares are released by the company the abundance of shares in the market brings down the price of shares.

Some people assume that the stock price drop is due to a supply-demand problem: since there is more supply of the company’s stock, prices should fall.

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Some analysts assume that because the same company now has twice as many shares, each share represents a smaller portion. Therefore, the prices should fall. They overlook that the company did not give the shares away for free but instead received a substantial sum of money in exchange.

What is a Stock

A stock (also called equity) is a security that reflects ownership of a portion of a corporation. This entitles the stockholder to a share of the corporation’s assets and income proportional to the amount of stock they own. “Shares” are the units of stock.

Stocks are the backbone of many individual investors’ portfolios and are purchased and sold chiefly on stock markets, though private sales are possible. These transactions must comply with government regulations designed to protect investors from deceptive practices. They have historically outperformed most other investments over time.

The price of the shares drops When a company issues new shares.

Here is an example of What Happens When A Company Issues New Shares? Let’s say the company holds a secondary IPO and sells 1 million additional shares. Assume the company will sell the new shares for $100 on the open market. The business now has a market cap of $200 million, with $100 million in assets. You will own 1/2000th of a $200 million business in this situation, so there will be no net benefit or loss, only dilution of ownership.

However, if the company issues 1 million additional shares, the stock price will plummet, maybe to $70. This isn’t due to increased supply or the fact that the same company has twice as many shares. Remember, this is no longer the same $100 million company; it now has more money.

The company was valued at $100 million before the new stock issue. Since the company has operating assets (factories, brand, goods, employees, buildings, processes, and patents) that the market expects to continue producing sales and profit, this valuation requires a price multiple for the company’s earnings (PE ratio). Let’s say the PE is ten.

Cash multiplier

Cash, on the other hand, does not have a price multiplier. It has a PE of 1. A $1 bill has no price multiple – neither more nor less.

As a result, the company is now valued at $100 million, with PE 10 for its current business and a PE of one for the new cash. However, it now has twice as many shares as before. As a result, each share no longer has a PE 10, because the additional cash generated by selling 1 million new shares has a PE of one, compared to the ten that the company’s performing assets command.

As a result, the current stock price represents the company’s financial situation: most of its assets are non-performing cash. The net company no longer commands the same price multiple to earnings.

Factors influencing stock prices

What Happens When A Company Issues New Shares? Dilution and signaling are two aspects of new share issuance that influence stock prices.


Another response contains some math for a stock split. Still, it excludes the consequences of a secondary offering, which I assume is the situation the OP is referring to.

Prior to issuance:

Prior to issuance:

Market Value= $1,000

Number of shares: 100

Price/Share= $1000/100 = $10

Sample user’s holdings

Shares held by company= 10

Value of shares: 10*$10 = $100

% Company owned: $100/$1000 = 10%

Post Issuance:

The Market Value = $1,000

Number of shares = 110

Price/Share = $1000/110 = $9.09

Sample user’s holdings

Shares owned = 10

worth of shares = 10*$9.09 = $90.91

Percentage of Company-owned = $90.91 /$1000 = 9.09%

As a result, secondary sale dilutes an investor’s holdings ( when all things being equal).


What does the market make of this bid, though?

Not all offerings are produced equal, as others have pointed out. Perhaps the funds raised will be used to enter a new high-growth market, resulting in increased sales and earnings and higher stock prices in the future.

After all, regardless of what the company Wants to signal, the consumer will determine the offering and potential price movement on its own.


So, What Happens When A Company Issues Stock? A corporation issuing new shares is typically bad news for current shareholders because its ownership is “diluted” among more shareholders/shares as a result of the new shares.

Along with dilution threats, it’s also crucial to look at the price at which the company sells new shares. An initial public offering (IPO) is when a company issues stock in the open market for the first time.

If they decide to sell more shares later, they will conduct a Follow-on Public Offer (FPO).



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